BSEB English Book Chapter 6. Ivan Class 7th Solutions

BSEB Bihar Board English Book Solutions Chapter 6. Ivan Class 7th Solutions (इवान) 

6. Ivan (इवान)


B. Let’s Comprehend:
B.1. Think and Tell:

Q. (a) Who was Ivan?
Ans. Ivan was a rich Russian farmer.

Q. (b) Where did he live?
Ans. He lived in a village of Russia.

Q. (c) Who was his neighbour?
Ans. Gabriel was his neighbour.

Q. (d) Who began to quarrel?
Ans. Ivan, Gabriel and their wives began quarrelling.

Q. (e) Who reconciled them?
Ans. Ivan’s father reconciled them.

B.2. Think and Write:
B.2.1. Write ‘T’ for true and ‘F’ for false statements:
(a) Ivan was a rich farmer.
(b) The hen laid eggs in the street.
(c) Gabriel uprooted Ivan’s beard.
(d) Anger leads to destruction.
(e) Ivan and Gabriel did not become reconciled.

Ans. (a) –T, (b) – F, (c) – F, (d) –T, (e) – F.

B.2.2. Fill in the blanks :
(a) Ivan and Gabriel were …………..
(b) Ivan’s father was old and ……………
(c) Ivan’s hen flew over the …………….
(d) ……….. went to inquire into the matter.
(e) …….. started quarrelling.
(f) At last Ivan and Gabriel became ……………

Ans. (a) neighbours, (b) wise, (c) fence, (d) Ivan’s daughter-in-law, (e) Soon Ivan, Gabriel and their wives, (f) reconciled.

B.2.3. Arrange the following sentences in proper order so that they make a complete story.
(a) Ivan was a rich farmer from Russia.
(b) She laid an egg in Gabriel’s house.
(c) Ivan uprooted Gabriel’s beard.
(d) Gabriel was his neighbour.
(e) One day Ivan’s hen flew across the fence.
(f) Ivan, Gabriel and their wives began to quarrel.
(g) Ivan and Gabriel became reconciled.
(h) Ivan’s father pacified Ivan and his neighbour.
(i) Gabriel went to court.

(a) Ivan was a rich farmer from Russia.
(b) Gabriel was his neighbour.
(c) One day Ivan’s hen flew across the fence.
(d) She laid an egg in Gabriel’s house.
(e) Ivan, Gabriel and their wives began to quarrel.
(f) Ivan uprooted Gabriel’s beard.
(g) Gabriel went to court.
(h) Ivan’s father pacified Ivan and his neighbour.
(i) Ivan and Gabriel became reconciled.

B.2.4. Answer the following questions in not more than 50 words.

Q. (a) “In anger you don’t know what you are saying and doing”. Do you agree with the statement? How does anger lead to destruction?
Ans. Yes, the statement in the question is correct.
I agree with the statement.
It occurs so because in anger we lose our temper which confuses our mind and we talk foolishly with a view to overpass the rival.

Q. (b) What type of man, in your opinion, was Ivan’s father? What did he do to pacify Ivan and his neighbour?
Ans. Ivan’s father was an experienced man. He knew the way of life. So, he gave practical advice to the neighbours and awaken them against the loss of quarrel, and pacified them.

Q. (c) If you were Ivan’s neighbour, what would you do to solve this quarrel?
Ans. If I would be Ivan’s neighbour, I suggest the same thing what Ivan’s father had advised.
I would also help them in understanding each other.

C. Word Study:
C.1. Correct the following words to make them meaningful.
peice,   forgate,   uproted,    fance,    distruction
Ans. peace, forget, uprooted, fence, destruction

C.2. Match the words in ‘A’ with their meaning in ‘B’.

C.3. Find the sentences in which the following words have been used the lesson. Then use these words in your own sentences.
neighbour, comfortable, hatred, wisdom, advice.
Ans. Gabriel was their neighbour.
They were happy and comfortable with each other.
Hatred breeds hatred.
You lose your patience and wisdom.
The old man’s advice worked.
Neighbour- Our neighbours are helpful to us.
Comfortable – It is comfortable to live peacefully.
Hatred – Enmity raises hatred between the rivals.
Wisdom – Wisdom is a good friend of man.
Advice – Good advices should be respected.

D. Grammar:
Look at the following sentences :
(a) Ivan was a farmer who lived in a village in Russia.
(b) He had three sons who were laborious.
(c) You lose your patience and wisdom.
All the three sentences given above have two separate sentence structures. Sentence (a) consists of ‘Ivan was a farmer’ and ‘who lived in a village in Russia’. The second part is dependent on the first. Similarly, sentence (b) consists of ‘He had three sons’ and ‘who were laborious’. The second is again dependent on the first, Sentence (c) also has two separate sentence structures: ‘You lose your patience’ and (you lose your) wisdom Both these structures are independent. Sentences (a) and (b), therefore, consist of a principal clause and a subordinate clause. A principal clause is that which has independent identity whereas a subordinate clause depends on the principal clause. Sentence ‘c’ consists of two independent clauses one of them is principal clause and another is co-ordinate clause. Here, ‘You lose your patience’ is the principal clause. Now, read the sentences given below and identify principal clause, subordinate clause and coordinate clause.

Q. 1. I don’t know where she lives.
2. An old man had four sons who were lazy.
3. Ramu was poor but honest.
4. I can’t forget you as long as I live.
5. He is handsome and laborious.
Ans. 1. I don’t know – p.c. (principal clause)
 where she lives – s.c. (subordinate clause)
2. An old man had four sons – p.c.
who were lazy – s.c.
3. Ramu was poor – p.c.
 but honest – coordinate clause
 4. I can’t forget you – p.c.
 as long as I live – s.c.
 5. He is handsome – p.c.
 and laborious – coordinate clause.

E. Let’s Talk :

E.1. Discuss the following in small groups and then with the whole class.
Q. (a) Hatred breeds hatred.
(b) Anger leads to destruction.
Ans. Rohan : Hatred breeds hatred. Is it correct, Manish?
Manish  : Yes. I believe that hatred breads hatred.
Ketan    : But I don’t believe it. Hatred makes us feel our faults, and we try to get relief from it.
Rohit     : Sonu, do you know, anger leads to destruction? :
Sonu     : Yes, anger diverts our minds from normal. So, not judge a situation rightly but make mistakes.
Kamal   : I believe that hatred breeds hatred and anger leads to destruction. So, we should avoid hatred and anger.

F. Composition : 
Q. Write a paragraph on any one of the topics listed in E.1 for discussion in 60-80 words.
Ans. (a) Hatred breeds hatred
Hatred is the product of inferiority complex. It draws our minds towards one’s faults according to our view. Such feeling raises a sense of enmity and ill-feeling. In response, the facing person also reacts. The feeling grows day by day the people become enny to each other. If everyone can consider about each one’s living, it will be clear that everyone in the society can be helpful to others and there is no reason of hatred.

(b) Anger leads to distruction
Anger is not the normal position of a man. In anger a person does not behave normally. His mind goes out of control. He loses the sense of right and wrong. Such a condition harms the man a lot. When such person returns to his normal condition, he reminds that he has done a lot of mistake. So, anger i called the greatest enemy of man, which leads to destruction.

G. Translation :

Q. Translate the following paragraph in Hindi or your mother tongue.
Ivan had some hens. One day a hen flew across the fence. She laid an egg in Gabriel’s house. Ivan’s daughter-in-law went to his house to inquire into the matter. Gabriel’s mother replied rudely. It led to a quarrel. Soon, Iván, Gabriel and their wives started quarrelling. Their neighbours had to intervene to pacify them.
Hint: See the meaning of the third paragraph of the lesson on page 44.

H. Activity :
Language Game :
Write a word in your notebook. Write another word with the last letter of that word. Write as many words as you can.
Ex. Work – kite – eat toy……

Complete this activity by writing at least twenty words.
Ans. yellow→work→kite→enquire→egg→gold→ dance→enjoy→youth→hen→neighbour→ruin→now-wise-enemy→young→get→turn→none→→end.
(Students can play with another words same ways)


Objective Questions:
Q.1. Select the right option:
(a) Ivan was a farmer:
(i) in India
(ii) in Pakistan
(iii) in Kolkata
(iv) in Russia

(b) Ivan’s father was
(i) old and weak
(ii) old and wise
(iii) a great man
(iv) laborious

(c) Gabriel was :
(i) Ivan’s uncle
(ii) Ivan’s brother
(iii) Ivan’s neighbour
(iv) None of these

Ans. (a) (iv), (b) (ii), (c) (iii).

Long Answer Type Question:
Q. 1. Write the story, ‘Ivan’, in your own words in ‘short.
Hint: See the ‘Summary’ of the lesson on page 43.

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