BSEB Bihar Board English Book Solutions Chapter 12. Suraj and Tutu Class 7th Solutions (सूरज और टुटू)
12. Suraj and Tutu
(सूरज और टुटू)
TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS AND THEIR ANSWERS
B. Let’s Comprehend:
B.1. Think and Tell:
Q. 1. What is a dolphin?
Ans. A dolphin is a mammal.
Q. 2. How do dolphins breathe?
Ans. Dolphins breathe through its blow hole, the opening on its head.
Q. 3. What happens when a dolphin meets with an accident?
Ans. When a dolphin meets with an accident, all other dolphins rush to help it.
B.2. Think and Write:
B.2.1. Answer in a word or a sentence:
Q. 1. Why did Suraj go to fish alone?
Ans. One day Suraj’s father fell ill, so he had to fish alone.
Q. 2. Who saved Suraj’s life?
Ans. A dolphin named Gangu saved Suraj’s life.
Q. 3. What was the young dolphin’s name?
Ans. The young dolphin’s name was Tutu.
Q. 4. Is dolphin a fish?
Ans. No, dolphin is not a fish, but a mammal.
B.2.2. Answer in detail :
Q. 1. How did Suraj and Tutu become friends?
Ans. One day, Suraj’s father fell ill. So, he had to fish alone in the river Ganga. The waves of the river turned Suraj’s boat upside down. He was getting drowned, as he did not know how to swim. Tutu’s mother, Gangu, saved Suraj from drowning. So, Tutu and Suraj became friends.
Q. 2. How do dolphins get food?
Ans. To search food, dolphins produce clicking and whistling sounds. When the sounds hit fish etc., they produce echo. The echo indicate them their food.
Q. 3. What are the threats which dolphins are facing?
Ans. Water pollution is a kind of threat for the dolphins. Fishing by the fishermen also creates a threat to the dolphins. They get trapped in a big net.
Q. 4. What happened to Suraj while fishing?
Ans. One day Suraj was fishing alone in the river Ganga. The waves of the river turned his boat upside down. He did not know how to swim. So, he was getting drowned. He cried for a help. But, nobody came to help him. It was a dolphin which alone saved his life, pushing aside to the bank of the river. Thus, he was saved.
C. Word Study:
C.1. Find out from the lesson the words which have the following meanings :
(i) An animal that gives birth to babies and does not lay eggs ………..
(ii) The child of your aunt or uncle ………..
(iii) To repeat or send back a sound …………
(iv) The action of making the air, water etc. dirty and dangerous………..
(v) In danger of disappearing from the words ……………….
Ans. (i) mammal, (ii) cousin, (iii) echo, (iv) pollute, (v) endangered
C. 2. Rearrange the letters to make words:
D.1.Sequence of tense.
Look at the following sentences carefully.
One day Mangal fell ill. So Suraj had to fish alone.
Mark that the second sentence is in the past perfect because an action took earlier in the past (Mangal fell ill). In other words, the Past Perfect is used for an action that was completed before another action in the past.
Now note how the tense of verbs in the subordinate clause depends on the tense of the verbs in the principal clause.
I shall wait here if you come timely.
She would attend the class if the teacher allowed her.
He would have informed the police if anyone had tried to blackmail him.
The first sentence follows the structure.
If the verbs in the principal clause is in the future tense, the tense of the verbs in the sub-ordinate clause should be in the simple present tense.
“I shall wait here if you come timely.” Can be rewritten as :
If you come timely I shall wait here. Now we see the second sentence.
If the verbs in the principal clause is ‘would + V the verbs in the sub-ordinate clause should be in the simple past tense.
Now, we study the tense of verbs in the third sentence.
If the verbs in the principal clause are ‘Would have + V3….., the verbs in the sub-ordinate clause should be in the past perfect tense.
We can also study the following sentences:
In first sentence we learn:
If the verb of the principal clause is in the present or future tense, any tense may be used in the sub-ordinate clause.
In second sentence :
If the verb of the principal clause is in the past tense, it must be followed by the past tense in the sub-ordinate clause. The past tense in the sub-ordinate clause may be either simple past or past perfect as per the meaning needed.
D.1.1. Complete each sentence using Past Perfect or Past Simple.
1. She ……. (go) out before it………. (start) raining.
2. I ……… (find) the key before he …….(break) the lock.
3. The patient….. (die) before the doctor ….. (come).
4. The thief …….. (run) away before the police ……. (come).
5. The students …….. (go) before the teacher…… (come).
Ans. 1. had gone, started, 2. had found, broke, 3. had died, came, 4. had run, came, 5. had gone, came.
E. Let’s Talk :
Q. Talk with your classmates on ‘Dolphins’ are our friend?
Chintoo : Dolphins are our friends. Do you know this, Pintoo?
Pintoo : Yes, I know. Dolphins are social animals.
Rahim : Where do dolphins live?
Golu : Dolphins are water animals. They are found in big rivers and seas.
Chintoo : How are dolphins helpful to us?
Pintoo : Dolphins can help us in water, saving our life.
F. Composition :
F.1. Write a paragraph on ‘The Dolphin’, in about 100 words. Use the information given in the lesson.
Ans. The Dolphin
The dolphin is a water animal. It is the animal of the class Animal Kingdom. It is a fish-eating animal of mammal group. It is found in groups. It has 140 needle-like teeth in its mouth to catch and hold fish. It does not chew but swallow its food. It does not see clearly with its eyes. It finds its prey by the echo of its sound. It has a blow-hole on its head to take breath. It is found in two colours: somewhere it is black and somewhere black and white. It is found in rivers and seas. It is a helpful animal.
G. 1. Translate into English :
1. पुलिस के आने के पहले चोर भाग चुका था ।
2. मेरे स्टेशन पहुँचने के पहले ट्रेन खुल चुकी थी।
3. शिक्षक के आने से पहले घंटी बज चुकी थी ।
4. डॉक्टर के आने से पहले मरीज मर चुका था ।
5. सोने के पहले मैं खाना खा चुका था ।
1. The thief had fled away before the police came.
2. The train had started before I reached the station.
3. The bell had rung before the teacher came .
4. The patient had died before the doctor came.
5. I had taken my meal before I slept.
G. 2. Translate into your mother tongue :
She had gone before it started raining.
The birds had flown away before the hunter fired.
The students had left before the teacher came.
The bell had rung before we entered the class.
The sun had risen before we got up.
वर्षा शुरू होने के पहले वह जा चुकी थी ।
शिकारी के गोली चलाने से पहले पक्षी उड़ चुके थे ।
शिक्षक के आने के पहले छात्र जा चुके थे ।
कक्षा में हमलोगों के प्रवेश करने के पहले घंटी बज चुकी थी ।
हमलोगों के जगने से पहले सूरज उग चुका था ।
H. Language Game
A ‘Tongue Twister’ is a phrase or a sentence which is a bit difficult in speaking. You have to control your tongue while speaking them.
Ask your partner to speak out the following sentences in one breath, without stopping. Enjoy what happens.
(i) She sells sea-shells by the sea shore.
(ii) Twelve twinkling stars twinkled twelve times.
(iii) Fried fresh fish,
Fish fried fresh,
Fresh fried fish,
Fresh fish fried, or,
Fish fresh fried.
Hint: To be done by the students.
SOME OTHER IMPORTANT QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS
Q. 1. Write True or False against each statement.
(i) Tutu was the son of Gangu.
(ii) Suraj and Tutu were friends.
(iii) Dolphins are found only in the river Ganga.
(iv) The dolphins breathe through their mouth.
(v) Dolphins are helpful to one another.
Ans. (i) True, (ii) True, (iii) False, (iv) False, (v) True.
Q. 2. Give a short detail about dolphins.
Ans. Dolphins are mammals. They are found in various rivers and seas. Dolphins are social water animals. They are helpful to one another. They move in groups. They eat fish. They do not chew their food but swallow. They have 140 needle like teeth to catch and hold their food. Some dolphins are black in colour and some are black and white.